Canine artificial insemination is a dog breeding method used by breeders across the globe. It is becoming increasingly popular, especially in smaller breeds, due to the safety, efficiency and success rate of the method.
Typically, two dogs would be bred naturally. This involves preselecting a stud dog and a bitch. The bitch is then mated on a specific day of her season, or whenever the male shows most interest in her. However, natural dog breedings are notorious for their risk of sexually transmitted diseases and potential for harm to both the stud dog and the female.
Harm is usually caused to the bitch when she is incorrectly mated on the wrong day of her season. This happens when an inexperienced male is presented to a bitch in heat and he subsequently attempts to breed with her.
We recommend to progesterone test your bitch to minimise harm and to ensure she is mated on the correct day.
So what exactly is artificial insemination?
Artificial insemination is different to natural matings. The breeding occurs in an ‘artificial manner’ using specialist equipment and trained staff.
Firstly, the bitch is progesterone tested to determine her most fertile day. This helps to maximise litter size and chances of a successful mating.
After, the semen should be collected from the male. This can be completed by safely stimulating his genitalia and collecting the resulting sperm in a semen collection bag. The prostatic fluid is usually separated from the sperm around this time.
Finally, the sperm is deposited into a syringe and catheter. The artificial insemination catheter is then inserted into the bitch and the sperm is safely and quickly deposited.
No anaesthesia is necessary.
The process is that easier. Artificial insemination takes the pain and stress out of dog breeding, resulting in a happier dog and a joyful breeding process.